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Who's Who

Dalai Lama XIII (1876-1933) Throughout his life, the Thirteenth Dalai Lama stressed the importance of combinng spirituality with a bold approach to worldly affairs. Known to the Tibetans as simply the "Great Thirteenth," he provided successful political as well as spiritual leadership in difficult and turbulent times, and perfectly exemplified the Mahayana ideal of the bodhisattva warrior.
Dalai Lama XIV (Gyalwa Tenzin Gyatso) (1935-) Exiled spiritual and temporal leader of the Tibetan people. He is recognized as Dalai Lama incarnation at the age of 2 and assumed the full temporal powers at 16. In 1959 he left Tibet following the Lhasa Uprising against China. Since then he has conducted government-in-exile at Dharamsala in India. He has been successfully in working to preserve Tibetan religion and culture. A spritual leader who has impressed people around the world with his Buddhist message of peace and compassion.
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (1910-91) Important Nyingma Master and exponent of Dzogchen meditation. He is recognized as the mind incarnation of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo. Studied under masters of all four schools and spent 20 years in retreat. Established retreat center in France. A great teacher to many famous Rinpoche, including the Dalai Lama.
Dudjom Rinpoche (Jigdral Yeshe Dorje) (1904-87) Late Supreme Head of the Nyingma sect. Outstanding yogi, terton, and meditation master. A meticulous scholar and prolific writer of more than 40 volumes elucidating the teachings and practice of the Nyingma lineage.
Kalu Rinpoche (1905-1990)Recognized as tulku but not ordained until 13. Received complete transmission of teachings of Karma kagyu and Shangba Kagyu traditions. Found several meditation centers around the world. Gave kalachakra Empowerments during the visits to to US.
Karmapa, the XVIth (1923-1981) Late supreme head of the Karma Kagyu subsect.
Sakya Trizin (1945-) 41st Patriarch of Sakya sect and head of all the Sakya centers around the world. Considered an incarnation of Manjushri and Padmasambhava. Currently teaches in Europe.
Sogyal Rinpoche (194?-) Author of the book Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. Currently directs centers in London, Paris, and Santa Cruz (CA, USA).specialty, working with hospices and near-death researchers.


Snelling, John. 1991, The Buddhist Handbook: A Complete Guide to Buddhist Schools, Teaching, Practice, and History. Rechester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International.